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Ohrid is a small town on the shores of Lake Ohrid in the southwest of the Republic Macedonia. It has a population of 55 000 which is continuosly growing. Between 992 and 1018 Ohrid was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire. The city was known under the name Lychnidos which meanscity of light” (refers to the fact that Ohrid is famous for its sunny weather). Ohrid is one of the most beautiful European cities with its rich history and culture. Over the decades, it has been inhabited by many nationalities, each having different culture and traditions. In the 8th century BC the Illyrians settled the fruitful land near Lake Ohrid, which was later conquered by Philip II. Ohrid was also a homeland of Greek settlers and Romans. The Romans expanded the borders of the city and built many basilicas, agora and gymnasium as well. In the 6th century Ohrid was struck by earthquake and was later renovated by the Bulgarians. Today tourists from all over the world are attracted by the magnificent cultural and architectural heritage of Ohrid. In 1979 and in 1980 respectively, Ohrid and Lake Ohrid were accepted as Cultural and Natural World Heritage by UNESCO, which testifies to the significance of this region as a religious and cultural center over the centuries.